• endorfina

    Endorphins

    Endorphins are opioid peptides, were identified in 1975 and their name comes from the words “Endogenous morphine,” that is produced in the body morphine. Due to the induced state of euphoric endorphins are often called “hormone of happiness”. There are a lot of molecules belonging to the group of endorphins; the most researched is beta-endorphin.

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  • religia

    Brain and religion

    The relationship between brain functioning and religious feelings was realised at the end of the nineteenth century, when it was observed that epilepsy is associated with these feelings. In recent years, a new field of knowledge has developed – Neurotheology, which tries to explore the issue.

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  • oksytocyna

    Neurobiology of trust

    The main role in trust plays oxytocin – a neurotransmitter and a hormone that also has an impact on stimulating the secretion of milk and starting labor. The role of oxytocin examined Paul J. Zak – professor of economics and clinical neurology, who after examining animal studies found that this molecule may play a role in…

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  • neuron

    The role of white matter in learning and mental illnesses

    The nervous system consists of gray matter and white matter. Grey matter is found mainly in the cortex, and is composed of the cell bodies of neurons (“gray cells”). White matter is nerve cell bodies projections (axons), which transmit information from the cell bodies to synapses connecting the neurons to each other. The majority of axons are…

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  • papieros

    Nicotine addiction – a sensitization-homeostasis theory

    Smoking cigarettes causes psychological addiction, because it impacts  the pleasure center of the brain. It also addicts physically as a result of the development of tolerance to nicotine. Some time after smoking, addicts feel withdrawal symptoms, ie. restlessness, irritability, inability to concentrate, etc. – This is the traditional theory of nicotine addiction. Joseph R. DiFranza, working as a family…

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  • skoki spadochronowe

    Sensation seeking

    The concept “sensation seeking” was developed in 1979 by Marvin Zuckerman and its definition is “the search of varied, novel, complex and intense feelings and experiences, and readiness to take physical, social, legal, and financial risks for the sake of such experiences”. 

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  • adrenalina

    The biology of stress

    The stress response involves two biological systems – the sympathetic nervous system, which is activated first and hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis (HPA axis), which takes effect after a certain time.

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  • ptak

    What is flow experience?

    Flow experience is a state of deep concentration, during which we forget about everything, except what we are doing right now. A person during flow experience feels happiness and peace. Flow describes e.g. composers: “You are in a state of such ecstasy that you almost don’t exist. It has happened to me many times. My hands do not…

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